EmSAT English Reading Practice Test Questions Answers

EmSAT English Reading Practice Test Questions Answers:  You can also check our EmSAT English Achieve Mock Tests for various EmSAT English Practice exams for free.

This EmSAT English Reading Test, Questions Answers consist of 3 reading passages and consist of a total of 24 multiple-choice questions. You can check the correct answer during the quiz.

EmSAT English Reading Practice Test

Test Name EmSAT Practice Test 2024
Test Subject EmSAT English Practice Test
Test Sub-Section Reading
Question Type MCQs
Total MCQs 24
Test Type Online Test
Check Answer
Time Limit
Reading Practice Test
0%

Emirates Standardized Test - وزارة التربية والتعليم EmSAT

EmSAT English Reading Practice Test

1) Reading 1
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

Ten thousand years ago money did not exist in the way it does today. Instead of using money people traded for the things they needed. Most often people traded crops that they had produced for things that they wanted.

One of the oldest civilizations on earth, the Chinese civilization, started using an early form of money in roughly 1200 BC. At that time, they traded shells for the materials or goods that they wanted. However, they also exchanged tools made of metal for things that they wanted. Their skills in handling metal were particularly useful for making bronze weapons, tools and jewelry that were excellent for trading. In fact, China eventually produced the first metallic money. Not only were the Chinese the first to make metal money, they were also the first to make paper money in about 800 AD. The paper used for the money was actually made from white colored deer skin.

At around 700-800 BC several civilizations started to make circular metallic coins using gold and silver. If we went back to those times, we would recognize them as being very similar to today’s money. The first records of these metallic coins were from a part of the world that we now call Turkey. This part of the world was called Lydia (Lydians). Shortly after this the Greeks and Romans also started making metal coins. Coins became very popular because they were tough, strong and could be used for a long time. It is not a surprise that this use has continued to the current day.

So, money has changed from seashells to coins and paper over the course of human history. This may not be the end of its evolution because some people think that all money will become electronic in the future. So, although money changes its appearance over time, it will always exist to allow people to trade with each other. Money makes it easier for people to trade what they have for what they want.

Before people had money, they traded...

2) Reading 1
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

Ten thousand years ago money did not exist in the way it does today. Instead of using money people traded for the things they needed. Most often people traded crops that they had produced for things that they wanted.

One of the oldest civilizations on earth, the Chinese civilization, started using an early form of money in roughly 1200 BC. At that time, they traded shells for the materials or goods that they wanted. However, they also exchanged tools made of metal for things that they wanted. Their skills in handling metal were particularly useful for making bronze weapons, tools and jewelry that were excellent for trading. In fact, China eventually produced the first metallic money. Not only were the Chinese the first to make metal money, they were also the first to make paper money in about 800 AD. The paper used for the money was actually made from white colored deer skin.

At around 700-800 BC several civilizations started to make circular metallic coins using gold and silver. If we went back to those times, we would recognize them as being very similar to today’s money. The first records of these metallic coins were from a part of the world that we now call Turkey. This part of the world was called Lydia (Lydians). Shortly after this the Greeks and Romans also started making metal coins. Coins became very popular because they were tough, strong and could be used for a long time. It is not a surprise that this use has continued to the current day.

So, money has changed from seashells to coins and paper over the course of human history. This may not be the end of its evolution because some people think that all money will become electronic in the future. So, although money changes its appearance over time, it will always exist to allow people to trade with each other. Money makes it easier for people to trade what they have for what they want.

The first paper money was made in...

3) Reading 1
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

Ten thousand years ago money did not exist in the way it does today. Instead of using money people traded for the things they needed. Most often people traded crops that they had produced for things that they wanted.

One of the oldest civilizations on earth, the Chinese civilization, started using an early form of money in roughly 1200 BC. At that time, they traded shells for the materials or goods that they wanted. However, they also exchanged tools made of metal for things that they wanted. Their skills in handling metal were particularly useful for making bronze weapons, tools and jewelry that were excellent for trading. In fact, China eventually produced the first metallic money. Not only were the Chinese the first to make metal money, they were also the first to make paper money in about 800 AD. The paper used for the money was actually made from white colored deer skin.

At around 700-800 BC several civilizations started to make circular metallic coins using gold and silver. If we went back to those times, we would recognize them as being very similar to today’s money. The first records of these metallic coins were from a part of the world that we now call Turkey. This part of the world was called Lydia (Lydians). Shortly after this the Greeks and Romans also started making metal coins. Coins became very popular because they were tough, strong and could be used for a long time. It is not a surprise that this use has continued to the current day.

So, money has changed from seashells to coins and paper over the course of human history. This may not be the end of its evolution because some people think that all money will become electronic in the future. So, although money changes its appearance over time, it will always exist to allow people to trade with each other. Money makes it easier for people to trade what they have for what they want.

What was the first paper money made of?

4) Reading 1
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

Ten thousand years ago money did not exist in the way it does today. Instead of using money people traded for the things they needed. Most often people traded crops that they had produced for things that they wanted.

One of the oldest civilizations on earth, the Chinese civilization, started using an early form of money in roughly 1200 BC. At that time, they traded shells for the materials or goods that they wanted. However, they also exchanged tools made of metal for things that they wanted. Their skills in handling metal were particularly useful for making bronze weapons, tools and jewelry that were excellent for trading. In fact, China eventually produced the first metallic money. Not only were the Chinese the first to make metal money, they were also the first to make paper money in about 800 AD. The paper used for the money was actually made from white colored deer skin.

At around 700-800 BC several civilizations started to make circular metallic coins using gold and silver. If we went back to those times, we would recognize them as being very similar to today’s money. The first records of these metallic coins were from a part of the world that we now call Turkey. This part of the world was called Lydia (Lydians). Shortly after this the Greeks and Romans also started making metal coins. Coins became very popular because they were tough, strong and could be used for a long time. It is not a surprise that this use has continued to the current day.

So, money has changed from seashells to coins and paper over the course of human history. This may not be the end of its evolution because some people think that all money will become electronic in the future. So, although money changes its appearance over time, it will always exist to allow people to trade with each other. Money makes it easier for people to trade what they have for what they want.

The first metal coins came from the

5) Reading 1
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

Ten thousand years ago money did not exist in the way it does today. Instead of using money people traded for the things they needed. Most often people traded crops that they had produced for things that they wanted.

One of the oldest civilizations on earth, the Chinese civilization, started using an early form of money in roughly 1200 BC. At that time, they traded shells for the materials or goods that they wanted. However, they also exchanged tools made of metal for things that they wanted. Their skills in handling metal were particularly useful for making bronze weapons, tools and jewelry that were excellent for trading. In fact, China eventually produced the first metallic money. Not only were the Chinese the first to make metal money, they were also the first to make paper money in about 800 AD. The paper used for the money was actually made from white colored deer skin.

At around 700-800 BC several civilizations started to make circular metallic coins using gold and silver. If we went back to those times, we would recognize them as being very similar to today’s money. The first records of these metallic coins were from a part of the world that we now call Turkey. This part of the world was called Lydia (Lydians). Shortly after this the Greeks and Romans also started making metal coins. Coins became very popular because they were tough, strong and could be used for a long time. It is not a surprise that this use has continued to the current day.

So, money has changed from seashells to coins and paper over the course of human history. This may not be the end of its evolution because some people think that all money will become electronic in the future. So, although money changes its appearance over time, it will always exist to allow people to trade with each other. Money makes it easier for people to trade what they have for what they want.

All money is based on the idea that...

6) Reading 1
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

Ten thousand years ago money did not exist in the way it does today. Instead of using money people traded for the things they needed. Most often people traded crops that they had produced for things that they wanted.

One of the oldest civilizations on earth, the Chinese civilization, started using an early form of money in roughly 1200 BC. At that time, they traded shells for the materials or goods that they wanted. However, they also exchanged tools made of metal for things that they wanted. Their skills in handling metal were particularly useful for making bronze weapons, tools and jewelry that were excellent for trading. In fact, China eventually produced the first metallic money. Not only were the Chinese the first to make metal money, they were also the first to make paper money in about 800 AD. The paper used for the money was actually made from white colored deer skin.

At around 700-800 BC several civilizations started to make circular metallic coins using gold and silver. If we went back to those times, we would recognize them as being very similar to today’s money. The first records of these metallic coins were from a part of the world that we now call Turkey. This part of the world was called Lydia (Lydians). Shortly after this the Greeks and Romans also started making metal coins. Coins became very popular because they were tough, strong and could be used for a long time. It is not a surprise that this use has continued to the current day.

So, money has changed from seashells to coins and paper over the course of human history. This may not be the end of its evolution because some people think that all money will become electronic in the future. So, although money changes its appearance over time, it will always exist to allow people to trade with each other. Money makes it easier for people to trade what they have for what they want.

What is the likely form of future money?

7) Reading 1
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

Ten thousand years ago money did not exist in the way it does today. Instead of using money people traded for the things they needed. Most often people traded crops that they had produced for things that they wanted.

One of the oldest civilizations on earth, the Chinese civilization, started using an early form of money in roughly 1200 BC. At that time, they traded shells for the materials or goods that they wanted. However, they also exchanged tools made of metal for things that they wanted. Their skills in handling metal were particularly useful for making bronze weapons, tools and jewelry that were excellent for trading. In fact, China eventually produced the first metallic money. Not only were the Chinese the first to make metal money, they were also the first to make paper money in about 800 AD. The paper used for the money was actually made from white colored deer skin.

At around 700-800 BC several civilizations started to make circular metallic coins using gold and silver. If we went back to those times, we would recognize them as being very similar to today’s money. The first records of these metallic coins were from a part of the world that we now call Turkey. This part of the world was called Lydia (Lydians). Shortly after this the Greeks and Romans also started making metal coins. Coins became very popular because they were tough, strong and could be used for a long time. It is not a surprise that this use has continued to the current day.

So, money has changed from seashells to coins and paper over the course of human history. This may not be the end of its evolution because some people think that all money will become electronic in the future. So, although money changes its appearance over time, it will always exist to allow people to trade with each other. Money makes it easier for people to trade what they have for what they want.

Which was the first civilization to use money?

8) Reading 1
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

Ten thousand years ago money did not exist in the way it does today. Instead of using money people traded for the things they needed. Most often people traded crops that they had produced for things that they wanted.

One of the oldest civilizations on earth, the Chinese civilization, started using an early form of money in roughly 1200 BC. At that time, they traded shells for the materials or goods that they wanted. However, they also exchanged tools made of metal for things that they wanted. Their skills in handling metal were particularly useful for making bronze weapons, tools and jewelry that were excellent for trading. In fact, China eventually produced the first metallic money. Not only were the Chinese the first to make metal money, they were also the first to make paper money in about 800 AD. The paper used for the money was actually made from white colored deer skin.

At around 700-800 BC several civilizations started to make circular metallic coins using gold and silver. If we went back to those times, we would recognize them as being very similar to today’s money. The first records of these metallic coins were from a part of the world that we now call Turkey. This part of the world was called Lydia (Lydians). Shortly after this the Greeks and Romans also started making metal coins. Coins became very popular because they were tough, strong and could be used for a long time. It is not a surprise that this use has continued to the current day.

So, money has changed from seashells to coins and paper over the course of human history. This may not be the end of its evolution because some people think that all money will become electronic in the future. So, although money changes its appearance over time, it will always exist to allow people to trade with each other. Money makes it easier for people to trade what they have for what they want.

Which of the following is true?

9) Reading 2
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

The concept of Mother’s Day is neither new nor modern. Actually, as far back as the ancient Egyptians, a day was chosen to honor the mother of the pharaohs. In addition, the Romans and the early Christians also honored mothers; eventually Christians in England named this holiday “Mothering Sunday.”

In America, Mother’s Day eventually arose out of the US Civil War. In 1908 Anna M. Jarvis wanted to honor her peace-loving mother by having a Mother’s Day celebration in her local West Virginian church. So, every mother at the church received two carnation flowers. These were Anna’s dead mother’s favorite flowers. To this day carnations are flowers associated with Mother’s Day in the US. In 1914, Mother’s Day was made an official national celebration for the second Sunday in May every year. Nowadays New Zealand, Australia, Canada and Ireland celebrate Mother’s Day on the same day as the Americans. In all of these countries, sons and daughters traditionally give their mothers cards, flowers or other gifts.

However, you would be wrong if you believed that Mother’s Day was only celebrated in English speaking countries. For example, in China Mother’s Day is celebrated as part of their cultural respect for their elders, including their parents. Poor mothers are given support during this celebration and successful mothers are recognized

Mother’s Day also exists in India and has become at least as commercialized as it is in the US. For example, companies release new products on Mother’s Day and restaurants try to attract extra customers on Mother’s Day – as well as the usual giving and receiving of cards and flowers. In Mexico children also give their mothers flowers and handmade cards on the day called Dia de las Madres (Mother’s Day). Schools give performances to honor mothers as part of this day of national celebration (May 10th).

Wherever you go in the world mothers are respected. In fact, the US President, George Washington, said “My mother was the most beautiful woman I ever saw. All I am I owe to my mother. I attribute all my success in life to the moral, intellectual and physical education I received from her.” This is a convincing argument for the importance of Mother’s Day.

Which country celebrates “Mothering Sunday”?

10) Reading 2
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

The concept of Mother’s Day is neither new nor modern. Actually, as far back as the ancient Egyptians, a day was chosen to honor the mother of the pharaohs. In addition, the Romans and the early Christians also honored mothers; eventually Christians in England named this holiday “Mothering Sunday.”

In America, Mother’s Day eventually arose out of the US Civil War. In 1908 Anna M. Jarvis wanted to honor her peace-loving mother by having a Mother’s Day celebration in her local West Virginian church. So, every mother at the church received two carnation flowers. These were Anna’s dead mother’s favorite flowers. To this day carnations are flowers associated with Mother’s Day in the US. In 1914, Mother’s Day was made an official national celebration for the second Sunday in May every year. Nowadays New Zealand, Australia, Canada and Ireland celebrate Mother’s Day on the same day as the Americans. In all of these countries, sons and daughters traditionally give their mothers cards, flowers or other gifts.

However, you would be wrong if you believed that Mother’s Day was only celebrated in English speaking countries. For example, in China Mother’s Day is celebrated as part of their cultural respect for their elders, including their parents. Poor mothers are given support during this celebration and successful mothers are recognized

Mother’s Day also exists in India and has become at least as commercialized as it is in the US. For example, companies release new products on Mother’s Day and restaurants try to attract extra customers on Mother’s Day – as well as the usual giving and receiving of cards and flowers. In Mexico children also give their mothers flowers and handmade cards on the day called Dia de las Madres (Mother’s Day). Schools give performances to honor mothers as part of this day of national celebration (May 10th).

Wherever you go in the world mothers are respected. In fact, the US President, George Washington, said “My mother was the most beautiful woman I ever saw. All I am I owe to my mother. I attribute all my success in life to the moral, intellectual and physical education I received from her.” This is a convincing argument for the importance of Mother’s Day.

What is the subject of the passage?

11) Reading 2
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

The concept of Mother’s Day is neither new nor modern. Actually, as far back as the ancient Egyptians, a day was chosen to honor the mother of the pharaohs. In addition, the Romans and the early Christians also honored mothers; eventually Christians in England named this holiday “Mothering Sunday.”

In America, Mother’s Day eventually arose out of the US Civil War. In 1908 Anna M. Jarvis wanted to honor her peace-loving mother by having a Mother’s Day celebration in her local West Virginian church. So, every mother at the church received two carnation flowers. These were Anna’s dead mother’s favorite flowers. To this day carnations are flowers associated with Mother’s Day in the US. In 1914, Mother’s Day was made an official national celebration for the second Sunday in May every year. Nowadays New Zealand, Australia, Canada and Ireland celebrate Mother’s Day on the same day as the Americans. In all of these countries, sons and daughters traditionally give their mothers cards, flowers or other gifts.

However, you would be wrong if you believed that Mother’s Day was only celebrated in English speaking countries. For example, in China Mother’s Day is celebrated as part of their cultural respect for their elders, including their parents. Poor mothers are given support during this celebration and successful mothers are recognized

Mother’s Day also exists in India and has become at least as commercialized as it is in the US. For example, companies release new products on Mother’s Day and restaurants try to attract extra customers on Mother’s Day – as well as the usual giving and receiving of cards and flowers. In Mexico children also give their mothers flowers and handmade cards on the day called Dia de las Madres (Mother’s Day). Schools give performances to honor mothers as part of this day of national celebration (May 10th).

Wherever you go in the world mothers are respected. In fact, the US President, George Washington, said “My mother was the most beautiful woman I ever saw. All I am I owe to my mother. I attribute all my success in life to the moral, intellectual and physical education I received from her.” This is a convincing argument for the importance of Mother’s Day.

Why did Anna M. Jarvis want to remember this special day?

12) Reading 2
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

The concept of Mother’s Day is neither new nor modern. Actually, as far back as the ancient Egyptians, a day was chosen to honor the mother of the pharaohs. In addition, the Romans and the early Christians also honored mothers; eventually Christians in England named this holiday “Mothering Sunday.”

In America, Mother’s Day eventually arose out of the US Civil War. In 1908 Anna M. Jarvis wanted to honor her peace-loving mother by having a Mother’s Day celebration in her local West Virginian church. So, every mother at the church received two carnation flowers. These were Anna’s dead mother’s favorite flowers. To this day carnations are flowers associated with Mother’s Day in the US. In 1914, Mother’s Day was made an official national celebration for the second Sunday in May every year. Nowadays New Zealand, Australia, Canada and Ireland celebrate Mother’s Day on the same day as the Americans. In all of these countries, sons and daughters traditionally give their mothers cards, flowers or other gifts.

However, you would be wrong if you believed that Mother’s Day was only celebrated in English speaking countries. For example, in China Mother’s Day is celebrated as part of their cultural respect for their elders, including their parents. Poor mothers are given support during this celebration and successful mothers are recognized

Mother’s Day also exists in India and has become at least as commercialized as it is in the US. For example, companies release new products on Mother’s Day and restaurants try to attract extra customers on Mother’s Day – as well as the usual giving and receiving of cards and flowers. In Mexico children also give their mothers flowers and handmade cards on the day called Dia de las Madres (Mother’s Day). Schools give performances to honor mothers as part of this day of national celebration (May 10th).

Wherever you go in the world mothers are respected. In fact, the US President, George Washington, said “My mother was the most beautiful woman I ever saw. All I am I owe to my mother. I attribute all my success in life to the moral, intellectual and physical education I received from her.” This is a convincing argument for the importance of Mother’s Day.

What were mothers given at the first Mother’s Day in West Virginia?

13) Reading 2
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

The concept of Mother’s Day is neither new nor modern. Actually, as far back as the ancient Egyptians, a day was chosen to honor the mother of the pharaohs. In addition, the Romans and the early Christians also honored mothers; eventually Christians in England named this holiday “Mothering Sunday.”

In America, Mother’s Day eventually arose out of the US Civil War. In 1908 Anna M. Jarvis wanted to honor her peace-loving mother by having a Mother’s Day celebration in her local West Virginian church. So, every mother at the church received two carnation flowers. These were Anna’s dead mother’s favorite flowers. To this day carnations are flowers associated with Mother’s Day in the US. In 1914, Mother’s Day was made an official national celebration for the second Sunday in May every year. Nowadays New Zealand, Australia, Canada and Ireland celebrate Mother’s Day on the same day as the Americans. In all of these countries, sons and daughters traditionally give their mothers cards, flowers or other gifts.

However, you would be wrong if you believed that Mother’s Day was only celebrated in English speaking countries. For example, in China Mother’s Day is celebrated as part of their cultural respect for their elders, including their parents. Poor mothers are given support during this celebration and successful mothers are recognized

Mother’s Day also exists in India and has become at least as commercialized as it is in the US. For example, companies release new products on Mother’s Day and restaurants try to attract extra customers on Mother’s Day – as well as the usual giving and receiving of cards and flowers. In Mexico children also give their mothers flowers and handmade cards on the day called Dia de las Madres (Mother’s Day). Schools give performances to honor mothers as part of this day of national celebration (May 10th).

Wherever you go in the world mothers are respected. In fact, the US President, George Washington, said “My mother was the most beautiful woman I ever saw. All I am I owe to my mother. I attribute all my success in life to the moral, intellectual and physical education I received from her.” This is a convincing argument for the importance of Mother’s Day.

In which year did the U.S. Congress assign the second Sunday in May as Mother’s Day?

14) Reading 2
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

The concept of Mother’s Day is neither new nor modern. Actually, as far back as the ancient Egyptians, a day was chosen to honor the mother of the pharaohs. In addition, the Romans and the early Christians also honored mothers; eventually Christians in England named this holiday “Mothering Sunday.”

In America, Mother’s Day eventually arose out of the US Civil War. In 1908 Anna M. Jarvis wanted to honor her peace-loving mother by having a Mother’s Day celebration in her local West Virginian church. So, every mother at the church received two carnation flowers. These were Anna’s dead mother’s favorite flowers. To this day carnations are flowers associated with Mother’s Day in the US. In 1914, Mother’s Day was made an official national celebration for the second Sunday in May every year. Nowadays New Zealand, Australia, Canada and Ireland celebrate Mother’s Day on the same day as the Americans. In all of these countries, sons and daughters traditionally give their mothers cards, flowers or other gifts.

However, you would be wrong if you believed that Mother’s Day was only celebrated in English speaking countries. For example, in China Mother’s Day is celebrated as part of their cultural respect for their elders, including their parents. Poor mothers are given support during this celebration and successful mothers are recognized

Mother’s Day also exists in India and has become at least as commercialized as it is in the US. For example, companies release new products on Mother’s Day and restaurants try to attract extra customers on Mother’s Day – as well as the usual giving and receiving of cards and flowers. In Mexico children also give their mothers flowers and handmade cards on the day called Dia de las Madres (Mother’s Day). Schools give performances to honor mothers as part of this day of national celebration (May 10th).

Wherever you go in the world mothers are respected. In fact, the US President, George Washington, said “My mother was the most beautiful woman I ever saw. All I am I owe to my mother. I attribute all my success in life to the moral, intellectual and physical education I received from her.” This is a convincing argument for the importance of Mother’s Day.

In which country is “Dia de las Madres” celebrated?

15) Reading 2
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

The concept of Mother’s Day is neither new nor modern. Actually, as far back as the ancient Egyptians, a day was chosen to honor the mother of the pharaohs. In addition, the Romans and the early Christians also honored mothers; eventually Christians in England named this holiday “Mothering Sunday.”

In America, Mother’s Day eventually arose out of the US Civil War. In 1908 Anna M. Jarvis wanted to honor her peace-loving mother by having a Mother’s Day celebration in her local West Virginian church. So, every mother at the church received two carnation flowers. These were Anna’s dead mother’s favorite flowers. To this day carnations are flowers associated with Mother’s Day in the US. In 1914, Mother’s Day was made an official national celebration for the second Sunday in May every year. Nowadays New Zealand, Australia, Canada and Ireland celebrate Mother’s Day on the same day as the Americans. In all of these countries, sons and daughters traditionally give their mothers cards, flowers or other gifts.

However, you would be wrong if you believed that Mother’s Day was only celebrated in English speaking countries. For example, in China Mother’s Day is celebrated as part of their cultural respect for their elders, including their parents. Poor mothers are given support during this celebration and successful mothers are recognized

Mother’s Day also exists in India and has become at least as commercialized as it is in the US. For example, companies release new products on Mother’s Day and restaurants try to attract extra customers on Mother’s Day – as well as the usual giving and receiving of cards and flowers. In Mexico children also give their mothers flowers and handmade cards on the day called Dia de las Madres (Mother’s Day). Schools give performances to honor mothers as part of this day of national celebration (May 10th).

Wherever you go in the world mothers are respected. In fact, the US President, George Washington, said “My mother was the most beautiful woman I ever saw. All I am I owe to my mother. I attribute all my success in life to the moral, intellectual and physical education I received from her.” This is a convincing argument for the importance of Mother’s Day.

Which country is known to support poor mothers on Mother’s Day?

16) Reading 2
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

The concept of Mother’s Day is neither new nor modern. Actually, as far back as the ancient Egyptians, a day was chosen to honor the mother of the pharaohs. In addition, the Romans and the early Christians also honored mothers; eventually Christians in England named this holiday “Mothering Sunday.”

In America, Mother’s Day eventually arose out of the US Civil War. In 1908 Anna M. Jarvis wanted to honor her peace-loving mother by having a Mother’s Day celebration in her local West Virginian church. So, every mother at the church received two carnation flowers. These were Anna’s dead mother’s favorite flowers. To this day carnations are flowers associated with Mother’s Day in the US. In 1914, Mother’s Day was made an official national celebration for the second Sunday in May every year. Nowadays New Zealand, Australia, Canada and Ireland celebrate Mother’s Day on the same day as the Americans. In all of these countries, sons and daughters traditionally give their mothers cards, flowers or other gifts.

However, you would be wrong if you believed that Mother’s Day was only celebrated in English speaking countries. For example, in China Mother’s Day is celebrated as part of their cultural respect for their elders, including their parents. Poor mothers are given support during this celebration and successful mothers are recognized

Mother’s Day also exists in India and has become at least as commercialized as it is in the US. For example, companies release new products on Mother’s Day and restaurants try to attract extra customers on Mother’s Day – as well as the usual giving and receiving of cards and flowers. In Mexico children also give their mothers flowers and handmade cards on the day called Dia de las Madres (Mother’s Day). Schools give performances to honor mothers as part of this day of national celebration (May 10th).

Wherever you go in the world mothers are respected. In fact, the US President, George Washington, said “My mother was the most beautiful woman I ever saw. All I am I owe to my mother. I attribute all my success in life to the moral, intellectual and physical education I received from her.” This is a convincing argument for the importance of Mother’s Day.

Which of the following is not true?

17) Reading 3
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

Chocolate has been a popular drink for a very long time. In fact, chocolate was first consumed by Aztecs in continental America more than 4000 years ago. They enjoyed it so much that they called this bitter drink a divine gift from heaven!

Chocolate became better known when the explorer Christopher Columbus brought cacao (cocoa) beans to Europe in approximately 1502. In 1519 the Spanish explorer Hernando Cortez copied the Mexican ruler Montezuma, by drinking cacao mixed with spices and vanilla. Ultimately, this led to wealthy Europeans imbibing the cacao drink mixed with sugar to make it more palatable. By the middle of the 17th century liquid chocolate had become a very popular European drink.

Today, two West African countries - Ghana and the Ivory Coast - account for most of the world’s cacao bean production. In contrast the Western world, specifically the United States of America, imports more chocolate than any other country and even more interestingly, the Swiss people eat more chocolate per person than anywhere else in the world. The most popular type of chocolate in the world is milk chocolate.

However, it was discovered that chocolate could also be eaten as a food. Improved processing of the chocolate bean by the Dutch led to a chocolate powder. This Dutch chocolate was easier to mix with water and sugar; so, people started to make pies and cakes (pastries) with the chocolate and eventually chocolate bars! In fact, the first chocolate bar was made in 1849 by an English chocolate maker. This type of chocolate was very dark and strong. It was not until the Swiss started making mixing chocolate with powdered milk and sugar that a lighter milk chocolate became popular.

Nowadays we have a better understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of chocolate. Small amounts of dark chocolate are believed to protect the circulatory system. However, the large amount of fat in chocolate contributes to people’s weight gain. Chocolate is used to celebrate special events by being given as gift or eaten - Christmas, Easter and birthdays are common examples. Chocolate has been with us for a long time and will be with us for the foreseeable future.

How did people first consume (eat or drink) chocolate?

18) Reading 3
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

Chocolate has been a popular drink for a very long time. In fact, chocolate was first consumed by Aztecs in continental America more than 4000 years ago. They enjoyed it so much that they called this bitter drink a divine gift from heaven!

Chocolate became better known when the explorer Christopher Columbus brought cacao (cocoa) beans to Europe in approximately 1502. In 1519 the Spanish explorer Hernando Cortez copied the Mexican ruler Montezuma, by drinking cacao mixed with spices and vanilla. Ultimately, this led to wealthy Europeans imbibing the cacao drink mixed with sugar to make it more palatable. By the middle of the 17th century liquid chocolate had become a very popular European drink.

Today, two West African countries - Ghana and the Ivory Coast - account for most of the world’s cacao bean production. In contrast the Western world, specifically the United States of America, imports more chocolate than any other country and even more interestingly, the Swiss people eat more chocolate per person than anywhere else in the world. The most popular type of chocolate in the world is milk chocolate.

However, it was discovered that chocolate could also be eaten as a food. Improved processing of the chocolate bean by the Dutch led to a chocolate powder. This Dutch chocolate was easier to mix with water and sugar; so, people started to make pies and cakes (pastries) with the chocolate and eventually chocolate bars! In fact, the first chocolate bar was made in 1849 by an English chocolate maker. This type of chocolate was very dark and strong. It was not until the Swiss started making mixing chocolate with powdered milk and sugar that a lighter milk chocolate became popular.

Nowadays we have a better understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of chocolate. Small amounts of dark chocolate are believed to protect the circulatory system. However, the large amount of fat in chocolate contributes to people’s weight gain. Chocolate is used to celebrate special events by being given as gift or eaten - Christmas, Easter and birthdays are common examples. Chocolate has been with us for a long time and will be with us for the foreseeable future.

What is the subject of this article?

19) Reading 3
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

Chocolate has been a popular drink for a very long time. In fact, chocolate was first consumed by Aztecs in continental America more than 4000 years ago. They enjoyed it so much that they called this bitter drink a divine gift from heaven!

Chocolate became better known when the explorer Christopher Columbus brought cacao (cocoa) beans to Europe in approximately 1502. In 1519 the Spanish explorer Hernando Cortez copied the Mexican ruler Montezuma, by drinking cacao mixed with spices and vanilla. Ultimately, this led to wealthy Europeans imbibing the cacao drink mixed with sugar to make it more palatable. By the middle of the 17th century liquid chocolate had become a very popular European drink.

Today, two West African countries - Ghana and the Ivory Coast - account for most of the world’s cacao bean production. In contrast the Western world, specifically the United States of America, imports more chocolate than any other country and even more interestingly, the Swiss people eat more chocolate per person than anywhere else in the world. The most popular type of chocolate in the world is milk chocolate.

However, it was discovered that chocolate could also be eaten as a food. Improved processing of the chocolate bean by the Dutch led to a chocolate powder. This Dutch chocolate was easier to mix with water and sugar; so, people started to make pies and cakes (pastries) with the chocolate and eventually chocolate bars! In fact, the first chocolate bar was made in 1849 by an English chocolate maker. This type of chocolate was very dark and strong. It was not until the Swiss started making mixing chocolate with powdered milk and sugar that a lighter milk chocolate became popular.

Nowadays we have a better understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of chocolate. Small amounts of dark chocolate are believed to protect the circulatory system. However, the large amount of fat in chocolate contributes to people’s weight gain. Chocolate is used to celebrate special events by being given as gift or eaten - Christmas, Easter and birthdays are common examples. Chocolate has been with us for a long time and will be with us for the foreseeable future.

Who was Montezuma?

20) Reading 3
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

Chocolate has been a popular drink for a very long time. In fact, chocolate was first consumed by Aztecs in continental America more than 4000 years ago. They enjoyed it so much that they called this bitter drink a divine gift from heaven!

Chocolate became better known when the explorer Christopher Columbus brought cacao (cocoa) beans to Europe in approximately 1502. In 1519 the Spanish explorer Hernando Cortez copied the Mexican ruler Montezuma, by drinking cacao mixed with spices and vanilla. Ultimately, this led to wealthy Europeans imbibing the cacao drink mixed with sugar to make it more palatable. By the middle of the 17th century liquid chocolate had become a very popular European drink.

Today, two West African countries - Ghana and the Ivory Coast - account for most of the world’s cacao bean production. In contrast the Western world, specifically the United States of America, imports more chocolate than any other country and even more interestingly, the Swiss people eat more chocolate per person than anywhere else in the world. The most popular type of chocolate in the world is milk chocolate.

However, it was discovered that chocolate could also be eaten as a food. Improved processing of the chocolate bean by the Dutch led to a chocolate powder. This Dutch chocolate was easier to mix with water and sugar; so, people started to make pies and cakes (pastries) with the chocolate and eventually chocolate bars! In fact, the first chocolate bar was made in 1849 by an English chocolate maker. This type of chocolate was very dark and strong. It was not until the Swiss started making mixing chocolate with powdered milk and sugar that a lighter milk chocolate became popular.

Nowadays we have a better understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of chocolate. Small amounts of dark chocolate are believed to protect the circulatory system. However, the large amount of fat in chocolate contributes to people’s weight gain. Chocolate is used to celebrate special events by being given as gift or eaten - Christmas, Easter and birthdays are common examples. Chocolate has been with us for a long time and will be with us for the foreseeable future.

Who made the first powdered chocolate?

21) Reading 3
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

Chocolate has been a popular drink for a very long time. In fact, chocolate was first consumed by Aztecs in continental America more than 4000 years ago. They enjoyed it so much that they called this bitter drink a divine gift from heaven!

Chocolate became better known when the explorer Christopher Columbus brought cacao (cocoa) beans to Europe in approximately 1502. In 1519 the Spanish explorer Hernando Cortez copied the Mexican ruler Montezuma, by drinking cacao mixed with spices and vanilla. Ultimately, this led to wealthy Europeans imbibing the cacao drink mixed with sugar to make it more palatable. By the middle of the 17th century liquid chocolate had become a very popular European drink.

Today, two West African countries - Ghana and the Ivory Coast - account for most of the world’s cacao bean production. In contrast the Western world, specifically the United States of America, imports more chocolate than any other country and even more interestingly, the Swiss people eat more chocolate per person than anywhere else in the world. The most popular type of chocolate in the world is milk chocolate.

However, it was discovered that chocolate could also be eaten as a food. Improved processing of the chocolate bean by the Dutch led to a chocolate powder. This Dutch chocolate was easier to mix with water and sugar; so, people started to make pies and cakes (pastries) with the chocolate and eventually chocolate bars! In fact, the first chocolate bar was made in 1849 by an English chocolate maker. This type of chocolate was very dark and strong. It was not until the Swiss started making mixing chocolate with powdered milk and sugar that a lighter milk chocolate became popular.

Nowadays we have a better understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of chocolate. Small amounts of dark chocolate are believed to protect the circulatory system. However, the large amount of fat in chocolate contributes to people’s weight gain. Chocolate is used to celebrate special events by being given as gift or eaten - Christmas, Easter and birthdays are common examples. Chocolate has been with us for a long time and will be with us for the foreseeable future.

Which people eat the most chocolate per person?

22) Reading 3
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

Chocolate has been a popular drink for a very long time. In fact, chocolate was first consumed by Aztecs in continental America more than 4000 years ago. They enjoyed it so much that they called this bitter drink a divine gift from heaven!

Chocolate became better known when the explorer Christopher Columbus brought cacao (cocoa) beans to Europe in approximately 1502. In 1519 the Spanish explorer Hernando Cortez copied the Mexican ruler Montezuma, by drinking cacao mixed with spices and vanilla. Ultimately, this led to wealthy Europeans imbibing the cacao drink mixed with sugar to make it more palatable. By the middle of the 17th century liquid chocolate had become a very popular European drink.

Today, two West African countries - Ghana and the Ivory Coast - account for most of the world’s cacao bean production. In contrast the Western world, specifically the United States of America, imports more chocolate than any other country and even more interestingly, the Swiss people eat more chocolate per person than anywhere else in the world. The most popular type of chocolate in the world is milk chocolate.

However, it was discovered that chocolate could also be eaten as a food. Improved processing of the chocolate bean by the Dutch led to a chocolate powder. This Dutch chocolate was easier to mix with water and sugar; so, people started to make pies and cakes (pastries) with the chocolate and eventually chocolate bars! In fact, the first chocolate bar was made in 1849 by an English chocolate maker. This type of chocolate was very dark and strong. It was not until the Swiss started making mixing chocolate with powdered milk and sugar that a lighter milk chocolate became popular.

Nowadays we have a better understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of chocolate. Small amounts of dark chocolate are believed to protect the circulatory system. However, the large amount of fat in chocolate contributes to people’s weight gain. Chocolate is used to celebrate special events by being given as gift or eaten - Christmas, Easter and birthdays are common examples. Chocolate has been with us for a long time and will be with us for the foreseeable future.

Which continent produces the most cocoa beans?

23) Reading 3
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

Chocolate has been a popular drink for a very long time. In fact, chocolate was first consumed by Aztecs in continental America more than 4000 years ago. They enjoyed it so much that they called this bitter drink a divine gift from heaven!

Chocolate became better known when the explorer Christopher Columbus brought cacao (cocoa) beans to Europe in approximately 1502. In 1519 the Spanish explorer Hernando Cortez copied the Mexican ruler Montezuma, by drinking cacao mixed with spices and vanilla. Ultimately, this led to wealthy Europeans imbibing the cacao drink mixed with sugar to make it more palatable. By the middle of the 17th century liquid chocolate had become a very popular European drink.

Today, two West African countries - Ghana and the Ivory Coast - account for most of the world’s cacao bean production. In contrast the Western world, specifically the United States of America, imports more chocolate than any other country and even more interestingly, the Swiss people eat more chocolate per person than anywhere else in the world. The most popular type of chocolate in the world is milk chocolate.

However, it was discovered that chocolate could also be eaten as a food. Improved processing of the chocolate bean by the Dutch led to a chocolate powder. This Dutch chocolate was easier to mix with water and sugar; so, people started to make pies and cakes (pastries) with the chocolate and eventually chocolate bars! In fact, the first chocolate bar was made in 1849 by an English chocolate maker. This type of chocolate was very dark and strong. It was not until the Swiss started making mixing chocolate with powdered milk and sugar that a lighter milk chocolate became popular.

Nowadays we have a better understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of chocolate. Small amounts of dark chocolate are believed to protect the circulatory system. However, the large amount of fat in chocolate contributes to people’s weight gain. Chocolate is used to celebrate special events by being given as gift or eaten - Christmas, Easter and birthdays are common examples. Chocolate has been with us for a long time and will be with us for the foreseeable future.

When was the first chocolate bar made?

24) Reading 3
Read the passage and answer the questions below:

Chocolate has been a popular drink for a very long time. In fact, chocolate was first consumed by Aztecs in continental America more than 4000 years ago. They enjoyed it so much that they called this bitter drink a divine gift from heaven!

Chocolate became better known when the explorer Christopher Columbus brought cacao (cocoa) beans to Europe in approximately 1502. In 1519 the Spanish explorer Hernando Cortez copied the Mexican ruler Montezuma, by drinking cacao mixed with spices and vanilla. Ultimately, this led to wealthy Europeans imbibing the cacao drink mixed with sugar to make it more palatable. By the middle of the 17th century liquid chocolate had become a very popular European drink.

Today, two West African countries - Ghana and the Ivory Coast - account for most of the world’s cacao bean production. In contrast the Western world, specifically the United States of America, imports more chocolate than any other country and even more interestingly, the Swiss people eat more chocolate per person than anywhere else in the world. The most popular type of chocolate in the world is milk chocolate.

However, it was discovered that chocolate could also be eaten as a food. Improved processing of the chocolate bean by the Dutch led to a chocolate powder. This Dutch chocolate was easier to mix with water and sugar; so, people started to make pies and cakes (pastries) with the chocolate and eventually chocolate bars! In fact, the first chocolate bar was made in 1849 by an English chocolate maker. This type of chocolate was very dark and strong. It was not until the Swiss started making mixing chocolate with powdered milk and sugar that a lighter milk chocolate became popular.

Nowadays we have a better understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of chocolate. Small amounts of dark chocolate are believed to protect the circulatory system. However, the large amount of fat in chocolate contributes to people’s weight gain. Chocolate is used to celebrate special events by being given as gift or eaten - Christmas, Easter and birthdays are common examples. Chocolate has been with us for a long time and will be with us for the foreseeable future.

Why was Dutch chocolate useful?

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